Scheme on Research & Development (R&D) for Conservation and Development

Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs)
The National Environment Policy, 2006 defines Eco-Sensitive Zones as areas/zones, ‘with identified environmental resources having incomparable values which require special attention for their conservation’. The purpose of declaring Eco- sensitive Zone (ESZ) is to create some kind of “Shock Absorber” for specialized Ecosystems such as Protected Areas which include National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. The ESZs act as transition zones for areas requiring high protection to areas where development may be permitted/restricted/prohibited. The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change notifies Eco- sensitive Zones under Section 3 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, wherein, inter alia certain identified projects/activities are regulated/ prohibited as the case may be. Rule 5(1) of the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, stipulates, inter alia factors which may be taken into consideration while prohibiting or restricting the location of industries and the carrying on of processes and operations within such ESZs. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified ESZ around a number of protected Areas in the Country.

ESZ Notifications...

ESA Notifications...
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